Leonardo Da Vinci, el gran artista del Renacimiento

México. A 566 años de su nacimiento, Leonardo da Vinci, autor de “La Gioconda” (1503-1519), uno de los retratos más emblemáticos de la historia de la pintura, es considerado uno de los más grandes genios de la humanidad.

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, hijo de un rico notario florentino y una campesina, nació el 15 de abril de 1452 en la villa toscana de Vinci, Italia.

Desde sus primeros años, el pequeño Leonardo mostró un fuerte interés por la pintura y pasaba gran parte de su tiempo dibujando animales mitológicos de su propia invención, inspirados en una profunda observación del entorno natural en el que creció.

El portal “biografiasyvidas.com”, señala que al cumplir 14 años y gracias al apoyo de su padre, ingresó como aprendiz en el taller del artista Andrea del Verrocchio, quien le enseñó pintura, escultura, técnicas y mecánicas de la creación artística.

En este periodo, el joven Leonardo frecuentó al también artista Antonio Pollaiuollo, quien le permitió hacer sus primeros estudios de anatomía.

Se sabe que su primer trabajo fue la construcción del orbe de cobre, diseñado entre 1466 y 1471 y proyectado por Brunelleschi para coronar la iglesia de Santa Maria dei Fiori; al que le siguió el cuadro “Bautismo de Cristo” (1472-1475), obra con la que superó a su maestro y que permeó de dinamismo.

A este periodo creativo pertenecen sus obras “San Jerónimo” (1480) y el gran panel “La adoración de los Magos” (1481), que fueron calificados como innovadores y dinámicos, características que otorgó la maestría en los contrastes de rasgos, en la composición geométrica de la escena y en el extraordinario manejo de la técnica del claroscuro del artista.

A los 30 años, en 1482, el artista decidió dejar Florencia para viajar a Milán, donde se presentó ante el poderoso duque Ludovico Sforza, en cuya corte permaneció 17 años, no sólo como pintor sino como inventor hidráulico, mecánico y arquitecto.

Siguiendo las bases matemáticas fijadas por León Bautista Alberti y Piero della Francesca, Leonardo comenzó sus apuntes para la formulación de una ciencia de la pintura, al tiempo que se ejercitó en la ejecución y fabricación de laúdes.

Estimulado por la dramática peste que asoló Milán, el artista proyectó espaciosas villas, hizo planos para canalizaciones de ríos e ingeniosos sistemas de defensa ante la artillería enemiga.

Dentro del ámbito del arte, fue elegido para la realización de una monumental estatua ecuestre en honor de Francesco, el fundador de la dinastía Sforza, en la que trabajó durante 16 años, pero que no logró concretar.

Para el año 1490, el artista crea “Hombre de Vitrulio”, una de las imágenes más conocidas del arte renacentista, que se trata de la solución simbólica de Leonardo a un antiguo problema matemático que tuvo cierta importancia también en la alquimia, conocido como “la cuadratura del círculo”.

Según el sitio especializado en ciencia y tecnología “pijamasurf.com”, en el dibujo, el círculo es el espíritu y el cuadrado la materia, la base en una estructura arquitectónica y aquel que conecta a la materia y al espíritu es el hombre, quien tiene la sustancia que combina ambos: el alma.

En 1494, su amistad con el matemático y fraile franciscano Luca Pacioli le permitió ilustrar su libro “De divina proportione” (1497-1509), trabajo que le valió ser reconocido como el creador de la moderna ilustración científica y emprender diversos proyectos de pintura, arquitectura, anatomía, geografía, botánica, hidráulica y aerodinámica.

Entre 1495 y 1497, el polímita florentino experimenta con la témpera y el óleo sobre una preparación de yeso, para crear “La última cena”, una de las pinturas más famosas del mundo, que representa la última cena entre Jesús y sus discípulos.

A finales de 1499, la llegada de los franceses a Milán obligaron a da Vinci a abandonar la ciudad para llegar a Venecia, donde fue contratado como ingeniero militar, puesto desde el cual proyectó una cantidad de artefactos cuya realización concreta se hizo hasta los siglos XIX y XX.

Luego de 20 años de ausencia, en 1500 Leonardo da Vinci regresó a Florencia, ya siendo considerado uno de los artistas más prominentes de Italia.

De acuerdo con la página “lecturalia.com”, en 1503 realizó la “Gioconda”, su obra conocida en todo el mundo, y a partir de 1506 su vida transcurrió entre Florencia y Milán, realizando varios trabajos como arquitecto para nobles locales.

A partir de 1513 radicó en Roma, donde preparó algunos de sus trabajos más interesantes como inventor, pero tras encontrar siempre obstáculos por parte de la Iglesia Católica, decidió abandonar esta labor y trasladarse a Francia, donde proyectó palacios y ciudades.

Da Vinci dejó un gran número de bocetos y dibujos de todas sus creaciones, siempre consideradas un compendio propio de notas, sin intención de divulgación o enseñanza.

El sitio “theartwolf.com” afirma que “no hay artista más legendario que Leonardo da Vinci. En toda la historia del Arte, ningún otro nombre ha generado más debates, más discusiones y más horas de estudio”.

El 2 de mayo de 1519, el pintor, artista, arquitecto, escultor, filósofo, científico, escritor, paleontólogo, botánico y genio del Renacimiento, Leonardo da Vinci, dueño de una genialidad sin igual, murió en Clos Lucé, Francia, a los 67 años de edad.

Fuente: Notimex

gomentarios

  1. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  2. Howdy very nice blog!! Man .. Beautiful .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds alsoKI’m satisfied to seek out numerous useful info here in the post, we want work out extra strategies in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  3. Thanx for the effort, keep up the good work Great work, I am going to start a small Blog Engine course work using your site I hope you enjoy blogging with the popular BlogEngine.net.Thethoughts you express are really awesome. Hope you will right some more posts.

  4. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your website is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What an ideal website.

  5. This is the right blog for anyone who wants to find out about this topic. You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just great!

  6. Thank you, I have recently been searching for info about this subject for ages and yours is the best I’ve came upon so far. But, what concerning the bottom line? Are you positive concerning the source?

  7. Good – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task..

  8. Wow! This could be one particular of the most helpful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Wonderful. I am also an expert in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  9. Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful information specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such information much. I was seeking this certain information for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  10. After study a few of the blog posts on your website now, and I truly like your way of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Pls check out my web site as well and let me know what you think.

  11. certainly like your web site however you have to check the spelling on several of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I to find it very bothersome to inform the reality nevertheless I will surely come back again.

  12. Greetings from California! I’m bored at work so I decided to check out your website on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the info you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, good blog!

  13. An interesting discussion is worth comment. I think that you should write more on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  14. I just could not leave your website prior to suggesting that I actually loved the usual info an individual provide on your visitors? Is going to be back incessantly in order to inspect new posts

  15. hi!,I love your writing so so much! share we keep up a correspondence extra approximately your post on AOL? I require a specialist in this house to solve my problem. May be that’s you! Having a look ahead to peer you.

  16. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your blog? My blog is in the very same niche as yours and my users would genuinely benefit from some of the information you present here. Please let me know if this okay with you. Thanks!

  17. Howdy would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re using? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you recommend a good web hosting provider at a fair price? Thank you, I appreciate it!

  18. I haven¦t checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I¦ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  19. Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up fast! What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  20. Thanks , I have recently been searching for info about this subject for ages and yours is the greatest I have discovered till now. But, what about the bottom line? Are you sure about the source?

  21. Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed! Extremely helpful information specially the last part 🙂 I care for such information much. I was seeking this certain information for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  22. What i don’t realize is actually how you’re not really much more well-liked than you may be now. You are so intelligent. You realize thus significantly relating to this subject, made me personally consider it from numerous varied angles. Its like women and men aren’t fascinated unless it is one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. Always maintain it up!

  23. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such great information being shared freely out there.

  24. Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Superb blog and excellent design.

  25. You really make it seem really easy with your presentation however I find this matter to be really something which I believe I might by no means understand. It sort of feels too complicated and extremely huge for me. I am looking forward on your subsequent post, I’ll attempt to get the grasp of it!

  26. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such info much. I was seeking this certain information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.

  27. Howdy! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Superb blog and wonderful design and style.

  28. Excellent post. I was checking continuously this weblog and I’m impressed! Extremely useful information specially the ultimate section 🙂 I care for such info much. I was looking for this particular info for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  29. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  30. I was just searching for this information for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your website. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that don’t rank this type of informative websites in top of the list. Generally the top sites are full of garbage.

  31. Hello very cool website!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally…I am happy to search out numerous useful information here in the publish, we want develop extra strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing.

  32. Hey there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be okay. I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look forward to new posts.

  33. After study a few of the blog posts on your website now, and I truly like your way of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Pls check out my web site as well and let me know what you think.

  34. Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your weblog posts. After all I will be subscribing for your rss feed and I’m hoping you write once more soon!

  35. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this website. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very difficult to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and visual appeal. I must say you’ve done a superb job with this. Also, the blog loads very quick for me on Chrome. Exceptional Blog!

  36. Very efficiently written story. It will be useful to anybody who usess it, as well as me. Keep doing what you are doing – can’r wait to read more posts.

  37. Thanks for another informative website. Where else may just I am getting that type of information written in such an ideal way? I’ve a undertaking that I’m just now operating on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such information.

  38. Great V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, web site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task..

  39. Everyone loves what you guys are usually up too. This kind of clever work and exposure! Keep up the terrific works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my own blogroll.

  40. Hello! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading through your blog posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same subjects? Thanks for your time!

  41. Admiring the time and effort you put into your website and in depth information you offer. It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same outdated rehashed information. Excellent read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  42. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success. If you know of any please share. Thanks!

  43. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Extremely helpful information particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such info much. I was seeking this certain info for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  44. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too wonderful. I really like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it wise. I cant wait to read far more from you. This is actually a wonderful web site.

  45. Oh my goodness! an amazing article dude. Thanks However I am experiencing problem with ur rss . Don’t know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting equivalent rss downside? Anyone who is aware of kindly respond. Thnkx

  46. Hi, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, fantastic blog!

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

Close